With the end of the 2018 income tax year rapidly approaching, this issue draws attention to year-end tax planning strategies and compliance matters that you need to consider to ensure good tax health. It focuses on the most important issues for small to medium businesses and individuals to consider.
If your business recognises income on an accruals basis (when an invoice is raised) and your cash flow allows, you may consider delaying raising some invoices until after 30 June, meaning the assessable income will be derived after the 2018 income tax year.
For business income derived on a cash basis (interest, royalties, rent and dividends), you may consider deferring the receipt of certain payments until after 30 June 2018. For example, setting term deposits to mature after 30 June 2018 rather than before.
To qualify for deductions in the 2018 income tax year, you may be able to bring forward upcoming expenses so that you incur them before 30 June 2018. Small businesses and individual non-business taxpayers may prepay some expenses (such as insurances and professional subscriptions) up to 12 months ahead. This should only be done subject to available cash flow and where the prepayment makes commercial sense.
Company tax rates are falling in Australia. Companies carrying on a business with turnover of less than $25 million will pay a rate of 27.5% in 2018 – the rate of 30% only applies if turnover is $25 million or more, or the company is not carrying on a business.
By 2027, the tax rate will reach a low of 25% for companies carrying on a business with turnover up to $50 million.
Small business entities (companies, trusts, partnerships or sole traders with total turnover of less than $10 million) will qualify for a raft of tax concessions in the 2018 income tax year:
These concessions are very powerful for small businesses, and can lead to substantial tax savings.
If you’re selling a business that has an aggregated turnover of less than $2 million (a “CGT small business entity”) or the value of its net CGT assets is $6 million or less (it satisfies the $6 million “net asset value” test), you may be able to access the small business CGT concessions.
These concessions include:
The Budget repair levy (2% of the part of your taxable income over $180,000) no longer applies in 2018. This means that the top marginal rate for 2018 (including the 2% Medicare levy) is 47%, as opposed to 49% in 2017. The FBT rate is also 47% for the 2018 FBT year.
People overclaiming deductions for work-related expenses like vehicles, travel, internet and mobile phones and self-education are on the ATO’s hitlist this year. There are three main rules when it comes to work-related claims:
Deductions are not allowed for private expenses (eg travel from home to work that’s not required to transport bulky equipment) or reimbursed expenses (eg for the cost of meals, accommodation and travel). And although you don’t need to include records like receipts with your tax return, the ATO can deny your claim – and penalties may apply – if you can’t produce the evidence when asked.
There have been a number of fundamental changes to the superannuation landscape for the 2018 income tax year, including changes to the caps for concessional contributions (now $25,000 for all taxpayers) and non-concessional contributions ($100,000, or $300,000 under the three-year bring forward rule) and the introduction of the general transfer balance cap and total super balance threshold (each currently $1.6 million).
Also from 2018, both employees and self-employed individuals can claim a tax deduction annually (maximum $25,000) for personal superannuation contributions, provided the superannuation fund has physically received the contribution by 30 June 2018 and the individual provides their superannuation fund with a “notice of intention to claim” document.
There have been recent changes to:
The government has also proposed to abolish the main residence CGT exemption for taxpayers who are no longer Australian tax residents at the time they sign a contract to sell their home, regardless of how long the home has actually been used as a main residence.
From 1 July 2018, employers with 20 or more employees will have to run their payroll and pay their employees through accounting and payroll software that is Single Touch Payroll (STP) ready. This is a major reporting change, as employers will report payments such as salaries and wages and allowances, PAYG withholding and super information to the ATO directly from their payroll solution at the same time employees are paid.
From 1 July 2018, overseas vendors with GST turnover of AUD$75,000 or more in Australian sales will have to account for GST on sales of imported goods costing AUD$1,000 or less to consumers in Australia.
Businesses in the building and construction industry must report to the ATO about their total annual payments to contractors by 28 August 2018. The government has proposed to extend this reporting regime to cleaners and couriers (from 1 July 2018) and to security providers, road transport and computer design services (from 1 July 2019).
Important: Clients should not act solely on the basis of the material contained above. Items herein are general comments only and do not constitute or convey advice per se. Changes in legislation may occur quickly. We therefore recommend that our formal advice be sought before acting in any of the areas. This is issued as a helpful guide to clients and for private information. If you need any clarification or direct advice please call us and make an appointment with an Adviser.
What is Single Touch Payroll?
Single Touch Payroll (STP) is a new electronic method for employers to provide payroll information to the Australian Tax Office at the same time you pay your employees. This information will include details of salaries, wages, PAYG withholding and super information.
STP provides businesses with opportunities for efficiency, particularly around the end of the financial year. Organisations reporting via STP will no longer be required to complete employee payment summaries as payroll information will already be available to employees through the MyGov system.
For employers with 20 or more employees, STP reporting starts from 1 July 2018. Employers with less than 20 employees can report voluntarily.
From 1 July 2019, STP requirements will expand to include all employers regardless of employee headcount.
There are a couple of things as a business owner you will need to do to be ready for STP:-
Check your headcount
If you had 20 employees or more on 1 April 2018 you will need to commence preparation for the STP reporting requirements from 1 July 2018.
Check your Software
Your existing payroll software may need to be upgraded for STP reporting – you will need to confirm these details with your current software provider or accountant.
For employers with 20 or more employees at 1 April 2018, there is an urgency to adopt STP suitable software as soon as possible to ensure that compliance with the reporting requirements are maintained.
If you have less than 20 employees, we recommend that you plan any required adjustment to your payroll systems by later this year.
Our team of Advisors are able to answer any queries that you may have around the introduction of STP and can assist you. Please contact us on 8291 2111.
Are you aware that the superannuation changes introduced on the 1st of July 2017 were not just about capping the amount of capital that can be transferred to retirement pension phase? They also included big changes to tax deductible and non-deductible contributions.
For the 2018 Financial Year, the concessional contribution cap is $25,000 for everyone who is eligible to make these contributions. There’s no longer a higher cap for anyone 50 or over. The tax deduction for personal contributions has also changed, but there’s a bit of a catch as personal super contributions claimed as an income tax deduction count towards the concessional contribution cap of $25,000 for the financial year 2018.
The annual non-concessional contribution cap for the 2018 Financial Year is $100,000. This has been reduced from the 2016/17 figure of $180,000. However, if the total amount you have in super on the 30th of June in the previous financial year is not less than $1.6 million, you won’t be able to make a non-concessional contribution for that financial year.
The work test still applies for those 65 and above when they make a contribution to super, but this means no personal contributions after age 75. For those aged at least 65, from the 1st of July 2018, there’s a new type of personal contribution which allows those who qualify to contribute up to $300,000 to superannuation from the sale of their family home that has been owned for at least 10 years.
If you require clarification on any of these points, please contact your 360Private Advisor.
This year one of our Directors, Greg Rundle, will be joining business and community leaders from around Australia to take part in the 2017 Vinnies CEO Sleepout, raising awareness and vital funds to support services for the thousands of men, women and children experiencing homelessness across the country.
When thinking about the risk factors in each business, the term ‘key man’ is often used. What this relates to is revenue and how the exit of 1 or more person(s) could affect the revenue of the business. It occurs when a business becomes heavily reliant on a key individual(s). Although this risk is typically found in small to medium enterprises (SME), it occurs in companies of all scales and to varying degrees.
When you pass away, the only way to ensure you have a final say over your assets, your final resting place and your legacy is to make a Will.
More often than not the focus for retirement centres on finances. However, retirement planning is not all about the money; thought also needs to be given to how you are going to transition from a working life to a retired life.
Whilst travel between your home and workplace is usually considered private and therefore not claimable, there are a few exceptions.
Whilst the majority of Australians are generally willing to become organ and tissue donors, less than 1% of people die in the hospital in the specific circumstances where organ donation is possible. Here in Australia, your family will always be asked to confirm your donation decision before the donation can proceed so, if you fall into that 1% and you do wish to be an organ and tissue donor, it is very important that you let your family know.
Members of the 360Private Investment Committee attended the Sohn Hearts & Minds Investment Leaders Conference earlier this month in Sydney. The conference has been running for 19 years in the United States and this year marked the first in Australia.
Parents naturally want to make sure that their kids are safe, secure, and healthy, and they will always want to be there for the if they're not. But what happens if your child is seriously injured or struck down with an illness and they need more of your time than your current situation allows? How do you take time off away from work to care for them whilst at the same time juggling the costly expenses of hospital visits, surgeries, and medications, without reducing your income?
Planning for retirement means different things to different people, but for many Australians, it's not all about savings and superannuation. If that's the case, how are they expecting to fund their retirement?
Whether it be a query about superannuation, investments, insurance, mortgage or any other financial based questions, get 360Private to check on your financial health.